A tent in downtown Los Angeles.Credit…Mark Abramson for The New York Times
In a highly contested move, Los Angeles this week significantly expanded restrictions on where homeless people can sleep as the city, the nation’s second largest, grapples with its housing crisis.
The Los Angeles City Council voted on Tuesday to prohibit homeless people from setting up tents within 500 feet of public and private schools and day care centers, during a contentious meeting that demonstrators halted for nearly an hour and that resulted in injuries to two police officers and one arrest.
The Council’s decision reflects how severe the region’s housing crisis has become, experts say.
“We are in that really tragic position of having to talk about balancing where people who are unhoused are sleeping,” said Gary Dean Painter, a professor at the University of Southern California Sol Price School of Public Policy. “We shouldn’t be making that choice.”
Before passing the restrictions on an 11-3 vote, Los Angeles officials had approved a few dozen places where people were banned from sitting, sleeping, lying or storing property. But the City Council introduced the latest measure after Alberto M. Carvalho, the Los Angeles Unified School District superintendent, raised concerns, saying young students were being traumatized by what they saw on their way to class.
“Those who have argued that this doesn’t solve homelessness, doesn’t move us forward in this area, are absolutely right — but not on point,” said Councilman Gil Cedillo, who voted for the new rules. “The point of this measure is not to solve homelessness at all. The point of this measure is to protect safe passage to schools.”
The impacts of the policy remain unclear, but they are expected to be sweeping. One councilman estimated that it would bump the number of banned sites to 2,000 from 200.
Kenneth Mejia, who is running for Los Angeles city controller, calculated that the rules would make 20 percent of the city off-limits to encampments. In some corners of the city, that figure could be as high as 48 percent, he estimated.
Steve Diaz, who spoke at Tuesday’s meeting against the new rules, said the restrictions were a way to “create redlining across the city of L.A.” under the auspices of improving children’s well-being.
“If it was really about children’s safety,” Diaz told the Council, “you would be investing more money in permanent supportive housing, wraparound services and ensuring that people were able to access housing as needed, and not into increased policing.”
Officials in California and the West have been restricted from banning encampments after a 2018 court decision determined that criminalizing homelessness violated the U.S. Constitution. In the decision, Martin v. Boise, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that prosecuting people for sleeping in public amounted to cruel and unusual punishment when no shelter beds are available.
But, as more people begin living on the streets, “liberal cities are doing everything in their power to get around Martin v. Boise,” said Ananya Roy, a professor and housing justice advocate for U.C.L.A. “It’s not an effort to alleviate poverty, it’s an effort to manage visible poverty and get it out of sight.”
Jason Ward, associate director of the RAND Center on Housing and Homelessness in Los Angeles, said that enforcing the city’s new law would most likely be complicated and costly. And he said the city needed to focus on increasing the housing stock if it didn’t want its homelessness problem to worsen.
“We’re creating new people that will be camping on the streets every day,” Ward told me. “A lot of people look at this problem in isolation, but I see it as inextricably linked to the fact that we don’t have enough housing in this region.”
We need to keep building houses, even if no one wants to buy.
Twilight of the NIMBY.
Los Angeles goes to war with itself over homelessness.
The rest of the news
Monkeypox vaccines: California communities will be able to vaccinate more people for monkeypox by using a different technique that relies on one-fifth the current dosage, The Los Angeles Times reports.
Secession: Voters in San Bernardino County will soon get to say whether they want the county to study options that include seceding from the state, The Associated Press reports. The State Legislature and Congress would have to approve actual secession.
Landing: The pilot and a passenger of a small airplane escaped safely after their aircraft landed and caught fire on State Route 91, The Associated Press reports.
Union: The Los Angeles teachers’ union is demanding a withdrawal of extra school days, The Los Angeles Times reports.
Sales tax: Fresno County voters will decide in November whether to increase the local sales tax to benefit Fresno State academic and athletics programs, The Fresno Bee reports.
Housing approval: Gov. Gavin Newsom began an unprecedented review of San Francisco’s housing approval process, The San Francisco Chronicle reports.
Abuse: A San Jose State gymnast says that she and her teammates endured their coach’s emotional abuse on top of sexual abuse from a trainer, The Los Angeles Times reports.
Antifa: The Natomas Unified School District paid a teacher three years’ salary to resign after he was secretly recorded professing his allegiance to antifa, The Sacramento Bee reports.
What you get
For $4 million: A Spanish-style retreat in Santa Barbara, a grand 1933 home in the Hollywood Hills and a Mediterranean-style house in Long Beach.
What we’re eating
Where we’re traveling
Today’s tip comes from Leslie McLean, who lives in Sonoma. Leslie recommends a trip to Half Moon Bay, just south of San Francisco:
Tell us about your favorite places to visit in California. Email your suggestions to CAtoday@nytimes.com. We’ll be sharing more in upcoming editions of the newsletter.
And before you go, some good news
Near the end of their set at Outside Lands on Saturday, Green Day invited an audience member onstage.
“Who knows how to play guitar?” the band’s frontman, Billie Joe Armstrong, called to the crowd.
Armstrong chose a 10-year-old boy to play with them, and threw a guitar around the young performer. The boy then played the chords for “Knowledge,” a cover of a song by Operation Ivy, which, like Green Day, is a rock band from Berkeley.
This is how the rest of the boy’s performance went down, from SFGate:
Thanks for reading. I’ll be back tomorrow. — Soumya
P.S. Here’s today’s Mini Crossword, and a clue: Deep purple fruit (4 letters).
Briana Scalia contributed to California Today. You can reach the team at CAtoday@nytimes.com.
Correction: Aug. 10, 2022
An earlier version of this article incorrectly stated that Kenneth Mejia is running for Los Angeles city attorney. He is running for city controller.